Atlantic Rainforest

Atlantic Rainforest


A forest in the Atlantic From its easternmost point to its southern boundary, Brazil’s Atlantic coast is home to one of the planet’s most vulnerable rainforests. The forest extends to Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay and includes the two major cities in Brazil, Sao Paulo, and Rio. Even if you’ve never heard of the rainforest, you’ve probably seen scenes of it as the camera sweeps over Christ the Redeemer in any film set in Brazil. Brazil’s Atlantic forest is home to a variety of flora and wildlife despite being cut off from the main rainforest blocks.

The rainforest is divided into two primary ecoregions: the interior Atlantic forest, which extends through the Serra do Mar foothills into Argentina and Paraguay, and the coastal Atlantic forest, which is limited to a 50–100 km long strip along the coast. At least three different types of flora can be found in the forest at 2,000 meters above sea level: coastal plain lowland forest, montane forest, and high-altitude grassland. Brazil’s Atlantic forest is home to some 20,000 plant species, at least 40% of which are endemic, as well as three lion tamarins and six bird species that are only found in a limited area of the forest. However, just 10% of the forest is left now due to pollution and growing urbanization.


Location: Atlantic Coast, Brazil

Nearest International Airport: Sao Paulo International Airport

How to reach: By road from Sao Paulo

Famous for: Biodiversity

Best time to visit: December to January


Green-billed toucan, Festive Coquette, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird,

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker,Magpie Tanager,Maroon-bellied Parakeet,

Saffron Toucanet,Brazilian Ruby,Green-headed Tanager

Azure-shouldered tanager

Violet-capped Woodnymph


The rainforest, which stretches along the Atlantic coast, is renowned for the diversity of its inhabitants. Along with diverse fauna, the Atlantic forest in Brazil is home to approximately 20,000 plant species. At 2000 meters above sea level, the forest’s vegetation predominantly consists of three categories. The accessibility to wildlife is what draws tourists to the forest, luring photographers to get as many images of birds as possible.

Brazil’s Atlantic forest has lost more than 80% of its coverage despite having a diverse range of flora and wildlife. As a result, some species of birds like the lion tamarin are relegated to isolated areas of the forest. However, the dozens of severely endangered vertebrate species that depend on the dwindling rainforest for their survival are what give it ecological significance. Additionally, it might function as a carbon sink.

Brazil’s Atlantic forest is home to a variety of birds due to its diverse flora and wildlife. The Green-billed Toucan, the Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, the Festive Coquette, the Magpie Tanager, the Brazilian Ruby, the Violet-capped Woodnymph, the Saffron Toucanet, and the Maroon-bellied Parakeet are just a few of the noteworthy birds. In addition to these, there are several endangered parrot species.

The Atlantic forest in Brazil, which has lost more than 80% of its coverage, is eligible for a restoration effort, according to studies. A potential carbon sink, the rainforest has a restoration area of around 40 million hectares. Due to their capacity to store and use carbon dioxide, trees can help fight global warming by reducing carbon emissions.