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In Nagaland, one of the biggest and most elaborate festivals in India is celebrated. This is the Hornbill Festival. The festival is known as the Festival of Festivals because of its grandiose nature. Every year the festival is celebrated from 1st December to 7th December and is organized by the Govt of Nagaland. The festival is a way of the government to promote Nagaland tourism and tribal culture. There are several events spread across the 7-day festival. The festival is held in the Kisama Heritage Village of Kohima District. The festival attracts lots of tourists to Nagaland serving its purpose. The festival has helped to a great extent in improving the conditions of Nagaland. The state’s rate of growth has increased since the festival.
Nagaland is home to several tribes, each with its distinct culture. Each of the tribes in Nagaland has its own elaborate festivals. These festivals are associated with agriculture as people here survived on agriculture and the majority of them still do. Each tribe considers their festival to be sacred and hence participating in their festivals is of utmost importance. The festivals celebrated by different tribes are as follows:
These are individual festivals of the tribes. The govt has taken an initiative to celebrate an inter-tribe festival making the Hornbill Festival the biggest in the state. The festival is aimed at bringing the people of different cultures and beliefs together and improving the inter- tribe relations. This goes along with the aim to promote the cultural heritage of the state. The festival for the first time was celebrated in December 2000. The first day of the festival is 1 st December which is also Nagaland Day.
The festival is an elaborate display of the culture and heritage of Nagaland. The festival is an exhibition of several stalls that are set up selling a variety of stuff like traditional paintings, wood carvings, handicrafts, handloom and more. There is an array of stalls set up selling food of both Nagaland and other parts of India. There may be some stalls selling International cuisine too. There are several stalls that sell beautiful flowers both natural and artificial, other stalls sell medicinal herbs and ready medicine made out of natural herbs and plants. The festival also organizes several competitions like archery, cooking, beauty contest, wrestling, and other big and small events. The festival is complete only when there is a display of the traditional dances of Nagaland. People wear ancestral clothes and dance on the old beats.
Places to visit
How to reach
To see the hornbill festival Nagaland in December one can reach Dimapur via a flight. From the airport taxi/ cab can be hired to proceed for 6 hr drive to Kohima. The airport of Dimapur is domestic and receives flights from major cities in India. The nearest railway station is also in Dimapur. The station of Dimapur receives regular trains from Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi, etc. From the station, a cab can be hired to go to Kohima. Kohima is accessible by road. It is well connected to cities like Imphal, Dimapur, Guwahati, and cities of nearby states.
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