Located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary derives its name from the temple of Keoladeo(Shiva) and ‘ghana’ which means dense referring to forests. The park was established in 1982. Initially it was a private duck shooting preserve of Maharaja of Bharatpur. The park is currently a Ramsar Wetland site and a World Heritage site. The landscape of the park varies from dry grasslands, woodlands and wetlands. The varied landscape is a home to diverse flora and fauna. The principal vegetation is dry deciduous forest interspersed with dry grasslands. In degraded areas, it is covered by shrubs and medium-sized trees. The park is a freshwater swamp and is flooded during monsoon. Tall Kadam trees dot the landscape in pockets.
The Park shelters over 230 species of birds including warblers, babblers, bee-eaters, bulbuls, buntings, Painted francolins, Indian grey hornbill, quails, crested serpent eagle, common teal, cotton teal, Asian open-billed stork and sarus crane. Mammals found here include Nilgai, feral cattle, and chital deer sambar. Wild boar Indian porcupine small Indian mongoose and the common Indian gray mongoose, jungle cat ,fishing cat ,Asian palm civet and small Indian civets, smooth-coated otter, golden jackals and striped hyenas.
When to go
The best time to visit the sanctuary is during November to February.
Bharatpur once used to host the migratory Siberian Cranes in winters. Off late these birds have not been sighted at Bharatpur.