Established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest park in India. It is also the first area to come under Project Tiger initiative. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is one of the thirteen protected areas covered by World Wildlfe Fund for Nature under their Terai Arc Landscape Program. The reserve is located partly along a valley between Lesser Himalaya in the north and the Shivaliks in the south.
The landscape of the park varies from hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grasslands, a large lake and characteristic longitudinal valleys called duns. The reserve is covered by moist deciduous forests dotted by sal, haldu, peepal,mango and rohini trees. The region experiences humid subtropical and highland climate.
The park shelters around 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.One of the popolar locations of the park is Dhikala zone which housesa variety of wildlife. Some of the mammals found here include tigers, leopards, elephants, jungle cat, fishing cat, leopard cat, barking deer, sambar, hog deer, chital, sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, Indian grey mongoose, yellow-throated martens, Himalayan goral, Indian pangolins, langurs, rhesus macaques. Birds found here are crested serpent eagle, blossom-headed parakeet, red junglefowl.
When to go
The best time to visit the park is from November to June.
Some of the areas of the park were part of princely states of Tehri-Garhwal.