Situated in Golaghat and Nagaon district of Assam, it is a world heritage site. The word Kaziranga means ‘red goat’ in Karbi language denoting the land of deer. There is another legend saying that Mahapurus Madhabdeb, the close disciple of the founder of the Vaishnava Religion, Mahapurus Sankardev camped near Narmora Beel (Lake) in Kaziranga National Park. An old couple namely Kazi and Rangai along with other devotees approached the saint and expressed their desre for children. The saint advised to dig a big pond and blessed that their name will be known for generations. Subseuqently, Ahom king Swargdeo Pratap Singh was offered fish while passing through the area and was pleased with the taste. The king then enquired about the origin of the fish and subsequently the area was named as Kaziranga after the couple.
The land is blessed with vast stretches of fertile alluvial soil formed by erosion and silt deposition of Brahmaputra. The landscape varies from exposed sandbars, riverine flood lakes called beels and elevated regions known as chapories. The land is covered with forest of evergreen and semi-evergreen type. The park is surrounded by tea plantations.
Kaziranga contains significant 15 mammals species which are threatened as per the IUCN Red List. The park is a home to the world’s largest population of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros. Other animals found here include wild Asiatic water buffalo and eastern swamp deer, elephants gaur and sambar, the Indian muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer. Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo anywhere accounting for about 57% of the world population. Kaziranga has been identified by Birdlife International as an ‘Important Bird Area’. Birds such as the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck are found here.
When to go
It can be visited throughout the year.
Kaziranga has many legends associated with its name
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