Ranthambore National Park, or Ranthambhore, is one of the largest national parks in northern India covering an area of 392 km². It is situated in the Sawai Madhopur district of south-eastern Rajasthan and is about 110 km north-east of Kota and 160 km south-east of Jaipur. Ranthambore National Park lies at the edge of a plateau and is bounded by the Banas River in the north and by the Chambal River in the south. The place gets its name from the historic 10th century Ranthambore Fortress and many ancient ruins that dominate the landscape.
Ranthambore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India and was declared a Project Tiger Reserve in 1973. It became a national park in 1980. In 1984, Keladevi Sanctuary was formed across the Banas and Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary in the south. In 1991, both these sanctuaries along with the Ranthambore National Park were brought together as the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
Ranthambore is known for its tigers and is one of the best places in India to see these animals in their natural jungle habitat. Tigers can be easily spotted even in the daytime. Ranthambore is home to many other wild animals like leopard, nilgai, wild boar, sambar, striped hyena, sloth bear, southern plains gray langur, rhesus macaque and chital. The park’s dry deciduous forests dotted with perennial lakes also encompass a plethora of flora, birds and reptiles. In fact, one of India’s largest banyan trees lies n the heart of this forest.
In Summers – April to June: This is the best time for tiger sightings because water scarcity in these months makes the tigers hang around the lakes and other waterholes. However, summer can be very hot and dusty with temperatures touching 50 degrees Celsius.
In Winters – November to February: This is the best time for photography and bird watching. The forest is more lush green and vibrant and even the tigers’ coats look more rich.
Ranthambore National Park is well-connected with all the major cities in India.
The nearest airport is the Sanganer Airport in Jaipur. The distance between Jaipur and Ranthambore is about 180 km and there are regular flights for Jaipur from all the major cities including. Tourists can take direct taxis or buses from Sanganer Airport to reach Ranthambore.
The nearest railway station is Sawai Madhopur Railway Station located at a distance of 10 km from the Park. The tourists can take local buses, taxis or even auto rickshaws to travel locally.
Ranthambore is well connected with all the major cities and towns through state transport bus services and it can also be reached through private buses and taxis. Mumbai, Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, and Jodhpur can be easily traveled to and from Ranthambore.
No matter what time of the year you visit Ranthambore, you should pack light and carry only basic articles of comfortable. Some important things to pack include:
Tigers, Leopard, Striped Hyena, Sambar Deer, Chital, Nilgai, Sloth Bear, Mongoose, Jungle Cat
Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Golden Oriole, Common Kingfisher, Indian Pitta, Brown Fish Owl
Crocodile, Rat Snake, Cobra
Ranthambore gets its name from the Fortress that overlooks the Park. It was built in the 10 century and is spread over nearly 4 square kilometers. The architectural extravaganza boasts of temples, mosques, palaces that resonate the vintage old grandeur and make for a great place to spend the day. One of the main attractions is the Trinetra Ganesha Temple inside the Fort.
This is a gallery on the Biodiversity of Rajasthan and a must visit for anyone who wants to explore more about the forests and wildlife of the entire state. Visitor timings are from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. It remains closed on Monday & national holidays.
The old city is dotted with places that reflect the culture and color of Rajasthan. Site seeing, food and shopping for hand crafted objects are a specialty.
The Dastkar store is a shopper’s paradise selling unique handcrafted home furnishing and personal clothing. The organization works with displaced villagers, especially women, to preserve local crafts and generate income for this region.
This is around 65 kilometers from Sawai Madhopur at the confluence of the Banas and Chambal rivers. There are temples dedicated to Lord Chaturbhuj Nath and Shiva. One of the major attractions is the annual fair held here after Diwali.