Located at the edge of Arctic Circle, Iceland is truly a paradise on earth. Popularly known as ‘the land of frost and fire’, it is a perfect destination to explore the beauty of nature and biodiversity. The country is geologically and volcanically active. Its interior consists of a plateau dotted by lava and sand fields, mountains and glaciers. The region has tundra climate due to high latitude. The Gulf Stream current has a warming effect on climate.
Phytogeographically, Iceland belongs to the Arctic province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. Approximately three quarters of the island are barren of vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland. Common vegetation comprises the northern birch, aspens, rowans, common junipers and other smaller trees, mainly willows. Prior to being colonized, the land was heavily forested. Human settlement and exploitation of forests for firewood caused degradation of the land.
The landscapes vary from black sand beaches to rugged fjords to multi-colored mountains to age old glaciers. The landscape looks different in summers and different in winters. In winters the entire country is covered in a shade of white (Ice). Though winters landscapes have their own charm and not to forget the chance of witnessing the divine northern lights. While in summers the colors look more rich and vibrant and there is hardly any Ice in Iceland. The entire country vibrates in shades of green and yellow. Summers are also the time for the best wildlife watching.
To read about northern lights in Iceland, click here
When to go
Iceland is two countries in two season. In summers it is all green and wildlife comes to life. While in winters it gets drenched in snow and Northern Lights remain a prime attraction.
Iceland is a land of high geothermal activity and has a lot of geothermal points across the country