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The island nation of Madagascar located off the south east coast of Africa is the world’s fifth largest island and an ecological wonder. Due to the earth’s tectonic movements, Madagascar was once part of the supercontinent of Gondwana and broke away from Africa about 160 million years ago. It also lost contact with Australia, Antartica and finally India 88 million years ago, making it an isolated breeding ground resulting in around 90% of its plant and animal species being endemic.
Classified as a biodiversity hotspot by the Conservation International and also considered as ‘megadiverse’, Madagascar with its exclusive wildlife, astonishing inhabitants including birds and its amazingly diverse landscapes can easily be touted as a paradise for nature lovers.