Latest Covid guidelines for Africa - Wild Voyager Blog
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Latest Covid guidelines for Africa

Latest Covid guidelines for Africa

Last update: 27 June 2022

These rules are extracted from official sources. You are required to verify the latest information with the authorities, as also the rules keep changing from time to time. Wild Voyager shall not be responsible for any omissions, errors, or last-minute changes in the rules. The hyperlinks below are directly clickable. 

 

TRAVELLING IN TO AFRICA

 

KENYA

  • All fully vaccinated passengers travelling to Kenya are not required to take a pre‑departure COVID‑19 PCR test. 
  • All eligible unvaccinated travellers except children below 5 years old who are arriving at any port of entry into Kenya must have a valid negative COVID‑19 PCR test certificate for a test taken within 72 hours before departure. 
  • Eligible unvaccinated travellers except children below 5 years old who arriving at any point of entry are subject to rapid antigen testing on arrival at their own cost of USD 30 USD. Travellers who test positive on arrival are subject to PCR testing at their own cost of USD 50 and must self‑isolate. 
  • Printed COVID 19 test results and vaccination certificates will not be accepted on arrival in Kenya. Passengers must upload their documents on Global Haven before check in. All passengers below 5 years old are exempt from the COVID 19 PCR testing requirements.
  • ALL TRAVELLERS ARE REQUIRED to complete travelers health surveillance forms online at https://ears.health.go.ke/international_registration/ and generate QR code. Carry this QR code in print or digital, it will be scanned during check in and on arrival at Nairobi.

 

TANZANIA

  • Fully vaccinated will be exempt from both COVID‑19 RT‑PCR and rapid antigen testing requirements. Travellers will be required to present a valid vaccination certificate with a QR code for verification on arrival. The only accepted vaccines are those approved by the URT and the World Health Organization.
  • Not fully vaccinated, unvaccinated and those not eligible for vaccination due to their country policy will be required to present a negative COVID‑19 RT‑PCR or NAATs test certificate with a QR code issued within 72 hours before departure. Passengers travelling from countries listed on the Ministry of Health website must undergo rapid antigen testing on arrival at their own cost of USD 10 (TZS 23,000). Travellers who test positive they undergo RT‑PCR testing to confirm and will be allowed to self‑isolate while waiting for their results.
  • The following rules apply to partially vaccinated or unvaccinated travellers who do not have a negative pre‑departure COVID‑19 RT‑PCR certificate:
    • Passengers travelling by air and on international marine vessels will undergo COVID‑19 RT‑PCR testing at their own cost of USD 100 and self‑isolate while waiting for their results.
    • Passengers travelling on international, regional and inland vessels must undergo rapid antigen testing at their own cost of USD 10. Passengers who test positive for COVID‑19 must take an RT‑PCR test for confirmation at their own cost of USD 50.
    • Those travelling by land must undergo rapid antigen testing at their own cost of USD 10, and if found positive will be handled according to Bilateral and Joint Border agreements.
  • Children 5 years old and below are exempt from both RT‑PCR and rapid antigen testing requirements.
  • Travellers who are required to undergo rapid antigen testing on arrival are advised to pay online to avoid queues on arrival. Your control number will automatically be generated once you complete the Traveller’s Health Surveillance Form Travellers who test positive during the on‑arrival rapid antigen testing but do not present symptoms of COVID‑19 will be isolated for treatment at designated health facilities.
  • ALL TRAVELLERS ARE REQUIRED to complete travelers’ health surveillance forms online at https://afyamsafiri.moh.go.tz/#/home and generate QR code. Travellers to Zanzibar are needed to fill this form additionally https://healthtravelznz.mohz.go.tz/traveller/ Carry this QR code in print or digital, it will be scanned during check in and on arrival at Nairobi.

 

UGANDA

  • Fully vaccinated will be exempt from both COVID‑19 RT‑PCR and rapid antigen testing requirements. Travellers will be required to present a valid vaccination certificate with a QR code for verification on arrival. The only accepted vaccines are those approved by the URT and the World Health Organization. Children below 5 years old are exempt from the vaccination requirements. 
  • Non‑vaccinated or partially vaccinated passengers must have a negative COVID‑19 PCR test done within 72 hours before departure from the first embarkation point. The 72 hours start when the sample is collected, and passengers must not display any signs or symptoms of any infectious disease before boarding.
  • The COVID‑19 PCR test must be taken at a laboratory approved by the country where the passenger’s journey starts.
  • A passenger who shows signs and symptoms of an infectious disease on arrival will be taken to an isolation centre.
  • If a passenger tests positive for COVID‑19 he/she will be taken to a COVID‑19 treatment centre, or repatriated for treatment outside Uganda at their own cost following COVID‑19 medical evacuation procedures.
  • Children below 5 years old are exempt from the COVID‑19 testing requirements.
  • Passengers travelling from India – Passengers travelling from India are required to have a negative COVID‑19 PCR test done 72 hours prior to travel, and they will be subjected to mandatory PCR testing upon arrival irrespective of the vaccination status, at their own cost.

 

RWANDA

  • Proof of a negative rapid or PCR test, taken within the previous 72 hours, must be provided before departing for Rwanda.Irrespective of Covid vaccine status. 
  • Proof of a negative antigen rapid test, taken within the previous 72 hours, must be provided before departure.
  • An antigen rapid test will be administered on arrival and self-isolation is required until a negative result is confirmed. The test costs $5 USD.
  • All passengers are subject to health screening on arrival, such as temperature checks and visual assessment. Further health testing may be required for those displaying symptoms of COVID-19.
  • An online ‘passenger locator form’ must be completed within 72 hours before departure. A ‘unique health code’ will be received on completion, which must be presented on arrival. Passenger locator form

 

SOUTH AFRICA

  • Passengers must be fully vaccinated a minimum of 14 days before departure for South Africa and present a valid vaccination certificate. Vaccination cards or permits will not be accepted. Passengers who do not have a valid vaccination certificate must present a valid negative COVID‑19 PCR or antigen test certificate.
  • Unvaccinated passengers must present a valid recognised negative COVID‑19 PCR test certificate for a test taken not more than 72 hours before the date of departure or present a valid negative certificate for a COVID‑19 antigen test performed by a medical practitioner, registered public health authority or accredited/approved laboratory not more than 48 hours before the date of departure. 
  • Children below 12 years old are exempt from the vaccination requirements. Children older than 12 that have not been vaccinated, will need to present a valid recognised negative COVID 19 PCR test certificate for a test taken not more than 72 hours before the date of departure or present a valid negative certificate of COVID‑19 antigen test performed by a medical practitioner, registered public health authority or accredited/approved laboratory not more than 48 hours before the date of departure. 
  • All vaccination certificates must contain a QR code for verification by health authorities on arrival.

 

ZIMBABWE

  • Fully vaccinated passengers are not required to take a pre‑departure COVID‑19 PCR test
  • Passengers who are not fully vaccinated must have a valid negative COVID‑19 PCR test taken not more than 48 hours from the time of departure for Zimbabwe. Children below 12 years old are exempt from the pre‑departure COVID‑19 testing requirement.
  • Returning residents who do not present a valid negative COVID‑19 PCR test certificate or a vaccination certificate will be required tested for COVID‑19 on arrival at their own cost.
  • All vaccines will be accepted as long as you have received all the required doses before travel.
  • ALL Passengers must complete the health declaration form and the data entry form.

 

ZAMBIA

  • All fully vaccinated passengers do not require a negative COVID 19 PCR test result to enter Zambia. Passengers will be required to provide proof of full vaccination status. Fully vaccinated means a complete dose of a COVID‑19 vaccine. For example, first and second dose of a two‑dose COVID‑19 vaccine. 
  • Non‑fully vaccinated passengers: 
  • International passengers arriving in Zambia who are not fully vaccinated must show proof of a negative COVID‑19 PCR test result for a sample collected within 72 hours before departure from the country of origin. 
    • If this requirement is not met, the passenger will have to retest at their own expense. 
    • If the result is positive, self‑quarantine at the owners cost is mandatory following local Zambian protocols. Children below the age of 12 years are exempt from these measures. • 
    • All arriving passengers will have their temperature checked. 
    • All travellers should hand over their health declaration forms to the port health officers.
  • ALL travellers must fill out a traveller’s health declaration form and present it on arrival in Zambia.

 

NAMIBIA

  • Travelers who present a valid international certificate for full vaccination against COVID-19, with the use of an approved vaccine, are exempt from testing requirements.
  • Non-vaccinated travelers must provide proof of a negative PCR test, taken within the previous 72 hours, on arrival.
  • Only test results obtained from the ‘Trusted Travel Platform’ or verified on the ‘Global Haven system’ will be valid for entry. Further information can be found at https://africacdc.org/trusted-travel/
  • Those who have recently recovered from COVID-19, and who isolated but are still testing positive, are exempt from testing and quarantine requirements provided that they show proof of a valid deisolation certificate, issued by the health authority in the country of departure not more than 3 months from the date of the end of isolation.

 

MADAGASCAR

  • Proof of a negative RT-PCR test, taken within the previous 72 hours, must be provided prior to boarding. Irrespective of Covid vaccine status. 
  • A rapid antigen test will be administered on arrival and if a positive result is received, travelers must quarantine for 7 days at a government approved accommodation.
  • The test costs €15 EUR and must be paid on arrival.
  • A complete ‘disembarkation card’ must be presented prior to boarding. Disembarkation card

 

 

TRAVELLING BACK TO YOUR HOME 

 

USA

  • All air passengers (including US Citizens, US Nationals, Lawful Permanent Residents and Immigrants) above 2 years old, are not needed to do RT-PCR test if they have a valid Covid vaccination certificate.
  • Those not having Covid vaccine, are required to have a negative PCR test – if travelling with a fully vaccinated adult the test must take place within 1 day of departure, if travelling alone or with an unvaccinated adult, the test must take place within one day of travel
    •  

 

UNITED KINGDOM

  • There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to the United Kingdom. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms

 

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

  • Passengers travelling to Dubai from all countries (GCC included) must fulfil one of the below requirements:
    • Present a valid vaccination certificate(s) reflecting that the passenger is fully vaccinated with a vaccine approved by the WHO or the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and includes a QR code
    • Present a valid negative COVID‑19 PCR test certificate issued within 48 hours from the time of sample collection to the time of boarding and the certificate must be issued by an approved health service provider with a QR code
    • Present a valid medical certificate issued by the relevant authorities that the passenger has recovered from COVID‑19 within 1 month from the date of recovery to the date of arrival
  • Note:
    • Printed or digital PCR test certificates or vaccination certificates are accepted in English or Arabic and must include a QR code. SMS certificates are not accepted.
    • COVID‑19 vaccination certificates without a QR code will be accepted for travel to Dubai as long as the vaccination certificate is issued by test centres/organisations recognised/approved by the national health authorities of the country.
    • COVID‑19 PCR test or vaccination certificates in other languages are acceptable if they can be validated at the departure point.
    • PCR tests must be based on a molecular diagnostic test intended for the qualitative detection of nucleic acid for SARS‑COV‑2 viral RNA. Rapid antigen, antibody or any form of rapid lateral flow tests and home test kits will not be accepted.
    • NHS COVID‑19 test certificates for travel from the United Kingdom to Dubai will not be accepted.
  • For transit passenger(s), the rules and conditions for entry at the final destination will apply.

 

INDIA

  • Before departure: All passengers must present a negative COVID‑19 RT‑PCR report for a test taken within 72 hours before travel or a vaccination certificate showing that they were fully vaccinated at least 15 days before arrival. The vaccination certificate must be issued from India, UAE or from the specified countries list on the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare website, the Ministry of External Affairs website and Air Suvidha Portal.
  • On‑arrival Passengers are subject to random testing on arrival at the airport. Passengers selected for testing will submit the samples and be allowed to leave the airport. Passengers who test positive will be treated/isolated according to current guidelines.
  • Children below 5 years old are exempt from both pre‑departure and on‑arrival testing.
  • Passengers must provide complete and factual information on the self‑declaration form on the online Air Suvidha portal online portal before the scheduled travel, including their travel history in the last 14 days. All passengers must download the Aarogya setu app on their mobile devices.All passengers must carry a copy of the below documents:
    • Digital or soft copy of Self declaration form (SDF) with reference number
    • Printed hard copy of negative COVID 19 RT PCR test OR vaccination certificate. Digital copies will not be accepted for travel. The certificate should be in English, specifying the name of the passenger and the outcome of the test or vaccine taken. 

 

FRANCE

Green countries:

  • No negative pre‑departure test is required for travellers deemed fully vaccinated according to European regulations. These travellers must present proof of vaccination at check‑in and to the border control authorities.
  • Unvaccinated travellers must present a negative COVID‑19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or an antigen test taken within 48 hours before departure (departure of the first flight in the event of a connection), or a certificate of recovery (proof of a positive result of a PCR or antigen test carried out more than eleven days and less than six months previously. This certificate is only valid for a period of six months from the date of the examination or test).
  • No measures (tests, isolation) are in force upon arrival in metropolitan France.
  • Children under 12 years old are exempt from these formalities.

Orange countries:

Vaccinated passengers are under no restrictions when entering metropolitan France.

Unvaccinated persons travelling from an “orange” list country must  have a compelling reason to justify the need for their trip. 

If already vaccinated, the following rules apply:

  • Provide proof of vaccination status. Since 1 February 2022, for a vaccination to remain recognised as complete, passengers aged 18 or over wishing to enter the national territory must have received a dose of a complementary messenger RNA vaccine within 9 months following the injection of the last required dose.
  • A sworn statement attesting to the absence of symptoms of COVID‑19 infection and contact with a confirmed case of COVID‑19 to enter the metropolitan territory.
  • No test is required to travel to mainland France from a country classified on the “orange” list for vaccinated travellers.

If you are not vaccinated:

  • You must present at check‑in and to the border control authorities a negative COVID‑19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours or an antigen test taken within 48 hours before departure (departure from the first flight in the event of a connection).
  • You must have a sworn statement attesting to the absence of symptoms of COVID‑19 infection and contact with a confirmed case of COVID‑19 to enter the metropolitan territory and your commitment to accept a possible screening on arrival.
  • You may be screened on arrival. If the result is positive, you will have to self‑isolate.
  • Children under 12 are exempt from these formalities.

All passengers travelling to mainland France must complete the online locator form.

Vaccinated passengers and non‑vaccinated passengers coming from an orange country must also carry a sworn statement attesting to the absence of symptoms of COVID‑19 infection and contact with a confirmed case of COVID‑19 in English here or in French here.

Non‑vaccinated passengers coming from an orange country must also complete the following forms before check in: 

  • Certificate of travel to France from an orange country (non‑vaccinated passenger) in English here or in French here.

 

GERMANY

Passengers who are fully vaccinated against COVID‑19 with vaccines approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) (or equivalents of these vaccines used in non‑EU countries) can enter Germany from non‑EU countries except China. Passengers in this category can apply for entry visas at their closest German mission and enter the country as tourists.

The exemption does not apply to passengers travelling from countries that are classified as virus variant areas. Travel from these areas is still not allowed.

Proof of vaccination

To enter Germany, all travellers must present proof of vaccination that complies with the following conditions:

  • It must be an EU Digital COVID Certificate or equivalent proof of vaccination either digital or printed in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish. Photographs of the printed certificate will not be accepted as digital proof. Digital certificates must be issued electronically by the authorised issuer and transmitted electronically to the passenger.
  • Proof of vaccination must contain the following information:
    1. Passenger’s personal details (at least their given name and family name and date of birth or the number of the passport or other official photo ID to be presented upon inspection)
    2. Date/s of vaccination and number of vaccination doses
    3. Name/s of the vaccine/s
    4. Name of the disease vaccinated against
    5. The administering health authority’s identifying marks (e.g. an official logo or name of the issuer)

Complete vaccination is defined as:

  1. Until 30 September 2022: two doses of an approved vaccine
  2. Until 30 September 2022: one dose of an approved vaccine, provided that that they can present proof that they were infected with and have recovered from COVID‑19 before they received the vaccine or that they were infected with COVID‑19 after receiving the vaccine at least 28 days before travel
  3. From 1 October 2022: three doses of an approved vaccine; the last dose must have been administered at least three months after the second dose
  4. From 1 October 2022: two vaccination doses, provided that that they can present proof that they were infected with and have recovered from COVID‑19 before they received the vaccine or that they were infected with COVID‑19 after receiving the vaccine at least 28 days before travel

Before you travel, please check whether your proof of vaccination meets the requirements.

Children below 12 years old are not required to take a pre‑departure COVID‑19 test.

 

SPAIN

Passengers travelling to Spain must present any one of the following certificates: 

  • A negative COVID 19 PCR test certificate for a test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in Spain or an antigen test taken no more than 24 hours before arrival in Spain. 
  • A certificate of full vaccination. From 1 February 2022, vaccination certificates will be valid from 14 days and not more than 270 days after the last required dose of a vaccine was administered. Beyond the 270 days, vaccination certificates must show that the passenger has received a booster or third dose of the vaccine. 
  • A recovery certificate issued by the official authority or medical service. The certificate of recovery must state the date of the first positive test, and indicate that the passenger has recovered from the disease and is not contagious at the present time, and the country where the certificate was issued, provided that more than 11 days have passed since the first positive NAAT test was performed. This certificate will be valid for 180 days thereafter.

The test certificate must be in English, Spanish, French or German. If it is not possible to obtain it in these languages, it must be accompanied by a translation into Spanish by an official body. Both printed or digital formats are accepted.

Only the following are the accepted diagnostic tests for COVID‑19 infection:

  • Molecular nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), used to detect the presence of COVID‑19: PCR, LAMP or TMA
  • The antigen detection tests included in the common list of rapid tests of detection of antigen for COVID‑19, published by the European Commission based on the Council Recommendation 2021/C 24/01

Passengers who have recently contracted COVID‑19 will be allowed to travel if they can provide a medical report stating they have contracted and since been cured of COVID‑19 and provided that at least 11 days and not more than 180 days have passed since the first positive NAAT test was performed. This report must be written in Spanish, English, French or German. If it is not possible to obtain it in these languages, it must be accompanied by a translation into Spanish by an official body.

Testing requirements for unvaccinated passengers do not apply to children below 12 years old but they must complete the Health Control Form and obtain a QR code.

 


Wild Voyager Team

The blogging team at Wild Voyager. We are explorers at heart and we love to share our travel stories and destination knowledge with you, which often serve as an inspiration for the life changing journeys we curate. When you decide to embark on one such life changing journey, our travel experience designers at letstalk@wildvoyager.com will be happy to get you started.

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