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Surrounded by the Southern Ocean and divided in two by the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in the area at 14 million sq km, twice the size of Australia. A frozen continent where about 98% of it is covered by ice that averages at least 1.9 kilometers in thickness, Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent.
It is considered a snow desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The temperatures can reach as low as −89 °C because of which there are no permanent human residents over here. The continent is only home to 1,000 to 5,000 people who reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. It is protected by the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 signed to date by 49 countries that strictly prohibits military activities and mineral mining, nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal supports scientific research and protects the continent’s ecozone.
WHAT TO SEE ON ANTARCTICA TOUR
Scuba DivingAntarctica excursion includes scuba diving to see the underwater iceberg view, corals, crystal clear water, and marine life. scuba diving is a more thrilling experience than taking a dip into the freezing water of Antarctica.
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