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This tiny island nation poised perfectly in the Indian Ocean though small in size is no lesser when compared to the natural beauty and wildlife that abounds here in plenty. Surrounded by water on all sides it acts as an excellent habitat for marine ecosystems that flourish here with panache. The rainforest existing in some regions to the arid plains in others, Sri Lanka is also the land of highlands and mystifying beaches. With 103 rivers that cut across the island and give rise to numerous gorgeous waterfalls, it is also home to a number of lagoons and estuaries that act as ideal breeding grounds for a large variety of flora and fauna. The mangrove ecosystem thrives along with parts of its coastal regions, which along with its tropical and warm climate generates and sustains enviable biodiversity.
The history and culture of the country dates back to over more than 2500 years. Heavily influenced by Buddhism and Hinduism, the traditions are primarily of the Sinhalese with a large population of Tamil migrants. The country has been through a civil war in recent times and the unrest has in many ways affected the forests and the wildlife. However, that was nearly a decade ago and Sri Lanka is back on its feet, hosting and boasting of tourism, wildlife and its warm people.