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Location: Caribbean Sea
Area: 2.754 million km²
Nearest Airport: Luis Muñoz Marin International Airport
How to reach: By air
Famous for: White sand beaches, driving, scenery
Months Open: All year
Best time to visit: December to April
The Caribbean is an area of the Americas that is made up of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the neighboring coasts. The islands form southeast of this Gulf of Mexico along with also the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north-west of South America.
Situated mostly on the Caribbean Plate, the area contains over 700 islands, including islets, reefs, and cays. These islands usually form island arcs that delineate the southern and eastern borders of the Caribbean Sea. The Caribbean islands, comprising this Greater Antilles around the north-west and the Lesser Antilles around the south-west and west, are a part of this marginally more significant West Indies group, which also comprises the Lucayan Archipelago.
Christopher Columbus discovered the Costa Rica Caribbean in 1492 while still searching for a path to China. He landed on an island in what is currently known to function as the Bahamas, called Guanahani there. Upon entrance, contact was made by Columbus. They are believed to have been split into two classes: the Caribs, fierce and folks, along with also the Arawaks.
-Settlements, Slavery and Sugar
The first settlement was established by Columbus on Hispaniola in 1493, which enlarged from the 1500s to other islands. Between 1609 and 1536, English and the French spanned the Leeward and Windward islands. The sugar industry's evolution led to supply the labor for the plantations.
Captivity came from humanitarians under fire. The costs of glucose improved the criticism of both these plantocracy and countries starting with Denmark had abolished the slave trade by 1824. British colonies abolished slavery in 1833-34 and at the Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico in 1873.
After Haiti, Cuba in 1898 and the Dominican Republic in 1844 was the following to gain their liberty. Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago were the first colonies to achieve independence in 1962.
What to see
The Caribbean is home to over 7,000 islands, and 28 island countries -- meaning that there is more to explore past names.
St. Martin/St. Maarten
The French side (St Martin) is softly complex with vibrant cliffside vistas and some of the tastiest French food that you'll find in the Caribbean. Cross over to the side, and you will come across the capital of Philipsburg, which has plenty of nightspots and shops. All around this island you will find white-sand beaches that are fantastic for families. Additionally, there are a lot of opportunities for day and sightseeing excursions.
A massive nation with a dominant African American civilization, DR (as it is called) has world-class hotels on beautiful beaches, tons of colonial-era history and untrammeled inland regions with prohibiting peaks.
Apparently, the middle of Caribbean clichés like Bob Marley tunes played into the rhythm of beer bottles, vast Jamaica provides up hotels from posh to lurid along with a distinct urban civilization. The place is well-known for blue mountain summit meals and natural and urban experiences.
Aged San Juan is just one of the great highlights of the area, a sprawling colonial throw-back that buzzes with a playful vibe. Rich culture, casino history, and beach hotels will be the highlights.
Cuba provides excellent audio, political challenges, and disintegrating urban attractiveness. Havana alone is well worth times of mining aboard a lack of frills.
Haiti Delivers the reverse of a care-free vacation. Challenges abound, but Haiti is right for you if you would like to research a culture that's the area's most African.
St Vincent & the Grenadines
Catching rides on fishing ships between beach-ringed islands would be your timeless Grenadine adventure (or charter your boat). The principal island, St Vincent, is mostly rainforest while small idyllic Bequia is the celebrity of this oh-so-mellow Grenadines.
Anguilla -- rice, fish, and peas
Bahamas - Guava duff, Conch Salad, Peas n' Rice, and Conch Fritters
Barbados -- cou-cou and flying fish
Cuba -- platillo Moros y Cristianos, ropa vieja, lechon, maduros, ajiaco
Dominican Republic -- arroz con pollo with stewed red kidney beans, pan-fried or braised steak, salad/ Ensalada de coditos, empanadas, mangú, sancocho
Haiti -- griot (fried pork) served with du riz a pois or diri ak pwa (rice and legumes)
Puerto Rico -- yellowish rice with green pigeon peas, saltfish stew, roasted pork shoulder, alcapurria, coconut custard, rice pudding, guava turnovers, Mallorca bread
How to reach by Flight:
Few of the airlines are as follows:
-American Airlines: from Miami to Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Cap Haitien, Curaçao Dominican Republic, Grand Cayman, Grenada, Jamaica, Kingston, Montego Bay, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo, St. Croix, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Thomas and Trinidad
-British Airways: by London (LGW) to Antigua, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Tobago and out of Manchester to Saint Lucia.
-Caribbean Airlines: from London to Saint Lucia, Barbados, London - Antigua, Belfast - Tobago.
-Virgin Atlantic: from London to Grenada, Antigua, Barbados, Havana, Saint Lucia, Tobago, Jamaica and from Manchester to Saint Lucia and Barbados
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