Active Volcanoes of Africa

Active Volcanoes of Africa

Africa, a region of outstanding natural beauty, is also home to some of the world’s most wonderful active volcanoes. Do you know that there are more than 100 active volcanoes in Africa? Even one of them produces the most fluid lava that flows on Earth.


So, here are some of the most well-known continent of Africa’s active volcanoes, where forces from centuries continue to influence the present.


Eastern Africa

Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania, is a stratovolcano, which is also known as the ‘Roof of Africa’. It stands tall at 5,895 metres, proudly holding the title of the highest peak in Africa. Over 360,000 years ago, the last significant eruption of the Kilimanjaro occurred, making it a dormant volcano.

Active volcano of africa mount kilimanjaro

The three cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, make up its characteristic shape. In contrast to the nearby grassland, Kibo’s snow-capped top offers an amazing sight. In addition to being a geological marvel, Kilimanjaro is a hub for biodiversity with a variety of plant zones, from lush rainforest to arctic-like temperatures near the peak. For those looking for an expedition to Mount Kilimanjaro, explore our curated Tanzania tour packages for an enriching and memorable experience.


Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya, a stratovolcano is Africa’s second-highest peak at 5,199 metres and this is another treasure of Eastern Africa. This dormant stratovolcano which is located in Kenya, is a wonder of the natural world, having a number of rough peaks and a wide variety of flora and fauna. Its slopes are evidence of the diverse ecosystems, from dense forests to alpine grasslands, that flourish under its shadow.

Mount Kenya

Mountain climbers and environment lovers alike are attracted to Mount Kenya’s snow-capped summit, Batian. Although the volcano has been dormant for centuries, it nonetheless inspires awe and reverence, providing visitors to its slopes with a memorable visit.


Mount Meru

Another active volcano in Eastern Africa is Mount Meru, located in Tanzania. Kilimanjaro overshadows Mount Meru but despite this, Mount offers climbers a difficult but rewarding climb. The verdant slopes, diverse ecosystem, and stunning views of the surroundings distinguish the volcano.


Mount Meru plays a significant role in the region’s geological past as an active stratovolcano. It is a dormant yet fascinating natural wonder because its most recent large eruption happened in the distant past. The opportunity to experience the numerous ecosystems and breathtaking views that characterize this region of Africa is provided by hiking Mount Meru. If you are looking for an en adventurous exploration, check out our customized itinerary for Mount Meru– it’s bound to be a blast!


Ol Doinyo Lengai

The volcano Ol Doinyo Lengai is located in Tanzania, East Africa. In Maasai, they refer to it as the “Mountain of God,” paying tribute to nature’s matchless creativity. Ol Doinyo Lengai is unique because of its distinctive volcanic activity as it is one of the few volcanoes in the world to erupt with the rare carbonatite lava.


This remarkable feature casts a dramatic dark tint throughout the landscape, producing a surprising and captivating sight. Due to how frequently it has erupted recently, it has attracted scientists and daring individuals who want to observe this geological wonder up close. 


Northern Africa

Mount Elgon

In Eastern Africa, on the boundaries of Kenya and Uganda, lies Mount Elgon, a massive shield volcano. It is one of the continent’s tallest summits, standing as an impressive sentinel at a height of nearly 4,321 metres. Cloaked in thick forests, Mount Elgon’s slopes are home to a complex tapestry of biodiversity, including unique flora and wildlife.


In addition, the volcano is home to a massive caldera, a reminder of its volatile geological past. Although its last significant eruption happened thousands of years ago, there is still evidence of geothermal activity at the site, making it of geological interest. 


Western Africa

Mount Cameroon

With an impressive height of 4,040 metres, Mount Cameroon, a spectacular stratovolcano in West Africa, is the tallest peak in the area. It is located in Cameroon and offers a breathtaking fusion of ecological diversity and natural beauty. The landscape, known for its spectacular views, stretches from the lush tropical rainforests at its base to the alpine meadows closer to the volcano’s top.

Mount Cameroon

The dynamic landscape of Mount Cameroon, which witnessed its most recent significant eruption in 2000, beckons adventurers and nature lovers alike. One can find an interesting history of eruptions on this impressive peak, offering those who dare to explore its slopes an extraordinary experience.


Biu Plateau

Nigeria’s Biu Plateau is an interesting volcanic feature with a long history of volcanic eruptions. This plateau formerly supported multiple volcanic cones, offering a look into the area’s turbulent past even though it is now thought to be extinct. Even though they are inactive, these cones serve as silent reminders of the dramatic forces that formed the surrounding area.


The Biu Plateau is now a calm area covered in lush vegetation and stunning panoramas that serve as a lovely backdrop to the area around it. It is a unique and fascinating location for people interested in Africa’s geological history because of its peaceful beauty, which belies the volcanic activity that formerly defined its existence.


Southern Africa

Mount Nyiragongo

Mount Nyiragongo, one of Africa’s most active stratovolcanoes, is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The ongoing activity and, particularly, the captivating lava lake make this a well-known stratovolcano. Nyiragongo, standing at a towering height of 3,470 meters, boasts slopes adorned with luxuriant flora, providing a stark contrast to the harsh spectacle within its crater. Fast-moving lava flows have been a recurring feature of this volcano’s eruptions, which have significantly altered the surroundings. 


Mount Nyamuragira

Mount Nyamuragira, located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is one of Africa’s most powerful and active volcanoes. It is known for its frequent production of swift-moving lava flows, making it one of the most active shield volcanoes on the planet.

Mount Nyamuragira

It continues to be a topic of intense interest for volcanologists and others researching volcanic activity due to its history of recurring eruptions. The rich greenery of Virunga National Park encircles this magnificent volcano. While reminding us of the unbridled might and magnificence of nature in this energetic part of Africa.


Erta Ale

Situated in the Afar Region of Ethiopia, Erta Ale is one of the continent’s most captivating natural wonders. This shield volcano has a constant lava lake that has captured the interest of both scientists and explorers. Its ongoing activity distinguishes it. The inhospitable and difficult environment of this geological wonder, often referred to as the “Gateway to Hell,” imbues it with mystery.

Erta Ale

A unique opportunity to see the hot interior of the Earth is provided by the strange sight of molten lava seething and pouring within Erta Ale’s crater. The volcano’s surreal beauty and difficult accessibility make Erta Ale a must-see for anyone who enjoys adventure and is curious about the astounding geological processes that shape our globe.


Mount Karisimbi

On the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mount Karisimbi, an impressive stratovolcano is located. It has an astounding height of 4,507 metres, making it the tallest peak in the Virunga Mountains. Explorers from all over the world are attracted to its intimidating presence and difficult ascent, even though it is categorized as dormant.


Mount Visoke

Mount Visoke, often referred to as Mount Bisoke, is a lush masterpiece located in the centre of the Virunga Mountains. This dormant stratovolcano peaks at a height of 3,711 metres. Also, it is a live illustration of the splendour of the natural world. The lush vegetation covering its slopes creates a striking contrast with the rocky volcanic background. The hike to the top of Mount Visoke reveals an array of beauties that end in the spectacular discovery of a serene volcanic lake at the top. This impressive volcano serves as both a geological marvel and a reminder of the complex interactions of various natural forces that have shaped the African environment. 


An amazing fusion of geological wonder and natural beauty can be found in Africa’s active volcanoes. Each volcano in Africa has a distinct narrative to tell, from the majestic peaks of Eastern Africa to the isolated landscapes of Northern, Western, and Southern Africa. Exploring these volcanic wonders is a memorable experience, regardless of whether you are an experienced explorer or a curious traveller.


Lastly, when going on any volcanic adventures, remember to always use caution and seek advice from local authorities and professionals. Enjoy your trip through Africa’s active volcanoes!


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