All about Laikipia Plateau

All about Laikipia Plateau

Known to be the getaway to Northern Kenya, the Laikipia Plateau stretches from the slopes of Mount Kenya to the rim of the Great Rift Valley. The vast Laikipia Plateau is an idyllic and lesser-visited area, a natural haven consisting of conservancies and traditional ranches. It is an important wildlife area embellished with farms and cattle ranches that supports large numbers of game.

The scenic Laikipia Plateau

The scenic Laikipia Plateau

The landscape of the Laikipia Plateau is one of its kind– sprawling arid plains, distant snow-peaked mountains, and beautiful hills. Furthermore, the bustling tourist crowd has converted the traditional old livestock ranches into luxurious safari lodges, offering the ultimate safari experience. Due to its prominent colonial history, the Laikipia Plateau is a significant natural area, both from a conservation and safari perspective.

Laikipia Plateau is an undiscovered ecosystem that covers a wilderness terrain of approximately two million acres. It is home to the indigenous Boran, Samburu, and Kikuyu tribes. Laikipia plateau today represents the community, privately owned sanctuaries, and conservationists who have strived hard to maintain and protect the biodiversity and wildlife of this region. This plateau continues to nurture exceptional cultural and wildlife diversity.

For adventure enthusiasts looking to unravel the beauty of Kenya’s wilderness, the Laikipia plateau has it all. You can visit several wildlife areas, ranches, and conservancies according to your interests and preferences. Here is everything you need to know about the incredible Laikipia plateau.


Wildlife of Laikipia Plateau

As the Laikipia plateau extends from the Aberdare foothills across the huge open plains to the Northern Frontier District, many northern game species are found here in abundance. In fact, the Laikipia Plateau is home to more endangered species than anywhere else in Africa. Grevy’s zebra, the reticulated giraffe, and Jackson’s hartebeest roam the area freely. It is also the only area that has a growing population of rare wild dogs, as well as leopards, lions, cheetahs, elephants, and many other big game species.

A Grevy's Zebra

A Grevy’s Zebra

The white and black rhinos, one of the most endangered species of all, famously inhabit the Laikipia Plateau around the dense acacia bush. Laikipia Plateau houses the most important rhino sanctuaries in East Africa, where more than half of Kenya’s black rhino population resides.

A black rhino in the wild

A black rhino in the wild

One can enjoy watching more than 2000 elephants migrating between Mount Kenya and Samburu while crossing Laikipia on the way.  Among other animals, one can also spot the greater kudu, cape buffalo, impala, gazelle, eland, dik dik, klipspringer, zebra, waterbuck, and many more. The area also offers an exciting birdwatching experience as more than 500 bird species, including African finfoot, Abyssinian nightjar, red-footed falcon, ostrich, and various others, can be observed.


Laikipia Plateau provides an exclusive safari experience. And there, guests can enjoy sightings of various animals through game drives, walking safaris, and other activities.


Ol Pejeta Conservancy

Amidst the many conservancies found in Laikipia, the Ol Pejeta Conservancy is known to be a leader in conservation. The Ol Pejeta Conservancy is a 90,000-acre wildlife conservancy set in the foothills of the snowcapped Mount Kenya. Throughout the colonial era, people used the area of Ol Pejeta Conservancy as a cattle ranch. However, as the elephant population increased, cattle ranching became impossible. In 2004, Flora and Fauna International, a UK-based conservation organisation, purchased the reserve and transformed it into a conservancy.


Ol Pejeta is home to two of the world’s last remaining northern white rhinos, named Fatu and Najin. More than 100 critically endangered black rhinos reside in the conservancy as well.

A white rhino with her calf

A white rhino with her calf

Along with the conservation of rhinos, Ol Pejeta is home to the Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary. This provides a haven for abandoned, orphaned, and rescued chimpanzees. The Ol Pejeta is the sole place where one can see and observe chimpanzees in Kenya. The sanctuary nurses the chimpanzees back to health and houses them in a vast natural enclosure. The chimpanzees live in two large groups separated by the Ewaso Nyiro River.


The Conservancy has a healthy population of the big five game animals and other wildlife species. Visitors can spot lions, giraffes, leopards, elephants, cheetahs, and even the elusive wild dogs at the conservancy. Other rare animals living in the conservancy are oryx, serval, bat-eared fox, and more. The endangered Grevy’s Zebra, Jackson’s hartebeest, and northern white rhino live in a 283-hectare Endangered Species Enclosure. Common African wildlife spotted at the conservancy includes vervet monkeys, baboons, impalas, hippos, elands, silver-backed jackals, and hyenas, to name a few.

Ol Pejeta has incorporated cattle farming into its conservation plan, wherein strategic grazing helps the wildlife while the local people also receive employment opportunities.

A trip to Ol Pejeta Conservancy guarantees a wide range of exciting activities, including game drives, horseback riding, and walking safaris. The conservancy only has three camps, allowing for a private and uninterrupted safari experience in Laikipia.

Ol Pejeta, along with several other conservancies, namely the Lewa Conservancy, the Borana Wildfire Conservancy, and the Ol Lentille Conservancy, finds itself on the plateau.


Rhino conservation

The IUCN list classifies the Black Rhino as ‘critically endangered’, while it designates the White Rhino species as ‘nearly threatened’. All over Africa, poaching and habitat loss are depleting the rhino population. As rhino horn is erroneously believed to hold medicinal properties in Asia as well as being used for traditional daggers in Yemen, the trade in rhino horn puts these animals in critical danger.

A Black rhino grazes peacefully

A Black rhino grazes peacefully

To secure the population of rhinos, The Ol Pejeta Conservancy and Lewa Conservancy have introduced many anti-poaching and security measures. These include:

  • a tracker dog team consisting of trained bloodhounds,
  • aircraft operation that is used for security surveillance, game counts, and rhino monitoring across the conservancy,
  • drones that provide thermal imaging feeds and real-time video,
  • trained armed teams and rangers,
  • rhino patrols,
  • general security,
  • the assistance of neighbouring communities,
  • fully electrified perimeter fence to prevent human-wildlife contact.


The Laikipia Plateau highly recommends a visit for a luxurious, unique, and uninterrupted safari experience in Kenya, thanks to its diverse species of wildlife and personalized services.


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